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Development trend of logistics machinery and equipment

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With the expansion of the scale of production and logistics, and improve logistics automation, logistics equipment used in modern production and logistics more and more widely, more and more important role; and the modernization of production and modernization of logistics and logistics equipment put forward higher requirements. The modern mechanical equipment design capabilities, rapid progress in science and technology, including whole, knowledge content, cultural content increased dramatically making logistics equipment, logistics equipment is experiencing a great change. In the new century, the technical performance of logistics machinery and equipment will enter a new stage of development

Throughout the development of logistics machinery and equipment can be seen, in order to meet the needs of modern logistics, logistics machinery and equipment has the following development trends:

1 large and high speed

Large scale refers to the capacity of the equipment, the scale, the ability is more and more big, high speed refers to the operation speed of the device, running speed, speed, speed of operation is greatly accelerated. With the rapid development of modern society and economy, the scale of production and logistics is expanding. In order to improve the operation efficiency and scale efficiency, the demand of large scale and high speed logistics machinery is increasing. Logistics machinery and equipment from the weight, load, productivity, operating capacity is growing, working faster and faster.

2 practical and lightweight

Logistics machinery and equipment is an important material and technical basis of modern, automated logistics. It is easy to use, easy to maintain and operate, and has excellent durability, no fault and good economy, as well as high safety and reliability. Therefore, the future will pay more attention to the development of good performance, low cost, high reliability of logistics machinery and equipment. There are a number of logistics machinery and equipment are used in general occasions, the work is not heavy. This kind of equipment is large in quantity and wide in use. It can reduce the height, simplify the structure, reduce the cost, and reduce the running cost of the equipment. This lightweight equipment in the future there will be faster development.

3 specialization and generalization

Logistics is the product of social and economic development, with the development of social economy and the diversity of characteristics. The diversity reflects the diversification of the demand for logistics machinery and equipment, so that the logistics machinery and equipment with a wide range of varieties. Logistics activities of the system, consistency and transport and distribution of fast, mobile, requiring some equipment to the direction of specialization, but also requires some equipment to the general direction of standardization. Special equipment to meet the special needs of specific functions, can play the best utility. Such as railway, ship, container crane and other special function will continue to increase, and continuously improve the performance and adaptability of strengthening; container ships, bulk carriers, tankers and other concrete transport vehicle, wide application, low cost. Fast conversion and some general equipment can also realize the logistics operation, greatly improve the efficiency of logistics operations, such as all the size of large container trailers can carry sea and air transport, railway transport the container, in general equipment will also be further developed.

4 automation and intelligence

The mechanical technology and electronic technology combined with the advanced microelectronic technology, power electronics technology, optical technology, hydraulic technology, fuzzy control technology is applied to the mechanical drive and control system, realize the automation and intelligent logistics equipment will be the future direction of development. For example, a new generation of electric control device for large high crane has been developed for digital control system by digital control electronics, driving device, programmable controller, fault diagnosis and data management system, digital control given detection device. With the application of advanced technology, the crane has higher flexibility, which improves the level of integrated automation. The operation of the transport equipment is turning more and more depending on the intelligence of the instrument, the signal and the auxiliary driving system. The development and application of intelligent transportation system (ITS), which is used in the automatic driving system of marine and air transport, the pickup truck in automated warehouse, and the intelligent transportation system of highway transportation, will attract the attention of all countries. In addition, with the help of satellite communication technology, can carry out the whole process of tracking and control of transport equipment, rapid response to market changes. By the end of 2000, the northwest international telecommunications Limited by Share Ltd to establish a set of freight vehicle dispatching management system for FAW transportation company, it will be GPS, GIS, combining GSM technology, can realize the tracking and monitoring of the whole goods. The system can effectively avoid the vehicle load, reasonably arrange and delivery time, greatly improve the utilization rate of vehicles, transportation cost is saved, and can make the enterprise understand all goods or owner of the goods in transit, the maximum to meet customer service needs, service management and information service of vehicle safety. Since its establishment, the system has been running well and has played a very good effect, which provides a basis for effective management of logistics and will be more widely used in the future.

Intelligent transport vehicle AHV (AutonomousHandlingVehicle) will also be widely used. The AHV shape is similar to the currently used AGV, but with two general manipulator, the industrial camera visual effects in the work, to determine the location and size of the goods, like people can use mechanical hand free weighing 200--300 kilograms of cargo handling. AHV has the function of cooperative operation, when the cargo is too long and heavy, it can be made up of two units


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